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李白传世唯一手迹《上阳台帖》现身 这件国宝如何入藏故宫?

2019-09-16 10:07 来源:蜀南在线

  李白传世唯一手迹《上阳台帖》现身 这件国宝如何入藏故宫?

  百度TheChina-Rwandacooperationisa“productivepartnership”thatbenefitsbothcountries,RwandanPresidentPaulKagamesaidonSunday,,intherun-uptothe2018BeijingSummitoftheForumonChina-AfricaCooperation(FOCAC).“WehavebenefitedalotfromChina’ssupportinoursocialandeconomicprograms,andthathascontinuedtostrengthenthepartnershipbetweenChinaandRwanda,”KagameexplainedduringaninterviewwithPeople’(AU)’shappytodohisparttohelpbringAfricancountriesandChinaclosertogetherundertheframeworkoftheBeltandRoadInitiative(BRI),notingthatthisyearmarksthe5thanniversaryoftheBRIslaunch.“TheBeltandRoadInitiativeisaverygoodconceptwhereeachcountryinvolvedfindsaplaceforitsowndevelopmentinareaslikeindustrialization,ldevelopmentframework,”Kagamesaid.Recently,theUnitedStatesthreatenedtoimposeanew10percenttariffon$300billionworthofChineseexportstotheUnitedStates,violatingtheconsensusreachedbythetwoheadsofstateattheldcomeasnosurprise,asChinahasrepeatedlysaidthati,nsareexpectedinAugust,followedbyanother300,,“fairtreatment”ofcredibilityandreputation,a,onsinShanghaifromJuly30to31,theUSsideturnedagainstChinaandthreatenedmoretariffsandhassincetakenotheractionstoattackChina’sdevelopment,despitepraisingthetradetalksas“constructive.”SomepeopleintheUnitedStatesdonothidetheirobsessionwith“winning”atallcost’snewtariffthreatshowsthattheUnitedStatesisplayingtricksinanattempttoundermineChina’,,itspeopleisunified,,theballisinAmerica’,oritcanresumetradetalksonthebasisofequalityandmutualrespect.

SYDNEY,March25(Xinhua)--Theworld-firsttechnologysettobedevelopedinAustraliacouldleadtomoreefficientsatellitelaunches,acombustionengineexpertfromtheUniversityofSydneysSchoolofAerospace,ologycompanyDefendTex,theprojectincludesresearchersfromGermanysBundeswehrUniversityinMunich,theUniversityofSouthAustralia,RMIT,theDefenceScienceandTechnologyGroupandInnosyncPty."Sincetheprojectkickedoffwehaveworkedwithourcollaboratorstodevelopnewcomputationalmethodstoinvestigatesupersoniccombustion,whichisaprocessknownasdetonation,"AssociateProfessorattheUniversityofSydneyMatthewClearyexplained."Ourpreliminaryfindingsfromsimulationsofamodelrotatingdetonationenginehaveledtosomeinterestingfindingsaboutthestabilityofdetonationsinanannularchannel,inparticularwithregardtotheimportanceofdesigningthecombustorgeometrysuchthatthedetonationisstableandrocketthrustcanbesustainedcontinuously."Thisinformationisbeingfedtoourcollaboratorswhoarenowstartingworkongroundtestinganengine."Differentfromconventionalrocketswhichcarrybothoxygenandfuelonboard,adetonationengineisableto"collect"oxygenduringitstake-offandascent."Whatsexcitingaboutrotatingdetonationenginesisthepotentialtooperatetheminaso-calledairbreathingmode,"Clearlysaid."Thepurposeofthisfunctionistoreducethemassofthelaunchvehicleandincreaseefficiency,reducecosts,andpotentiallyallowforlargerpayloads,suchassatellites."Awarded3millionAustraliandollars()bythefederalgovernment,Australiahasmadeitaprioritytoedgeitswayintothelucrativespacetechnologymarket.CHENGDU,(CPC)officialYouQuanhasstressedgreatereffortstoboostethnicsolidarityandreligiousharmony,winthebattleagainstpovertyan,amemberoftheSecretariatoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandheadoftheUnitedFrontWorkDepartmentoftheCPCCentralCommittee,madetheremarksduringaninvestigationandresearchtourinsouthwestChina,religioussites,andsettlementsitesofrelocatedpoverty-strickenpeople,andtalkedwithlocalpeopleandofficialsduringthetourtoChengdu,theprovincialcapital,,TibetansmainlyliveintheTibetAutonomousRegionandpartsofQinghai,Sichuan,GansuandYunnanprovinces.

  UNITEDNATIONS,excusefortheUnitedStatestoleavetheIntermediate-RangeNuclearForces(INF)Treaty,"ItisunacceptabletouseChinaasanexcuseforleavingthetreaty,andChinarejectsthebaselessaccusationbytheUnitedStates,"ZhangJun,ChinaspermanentrepresentativetotheUnitedNations,toldtheSecurityCouncilemergencysessionundertheagendaitem"threatstointernationalpeaceandsecurity.""Chinaunswervinglypursuesanationaldefensepolicythatisdefensiveinnature,"hesaid."Chinasnuclearstrategyforself-defenseiscompletelytransparentanditsnuclearpolicyishighlyresponsible.""Chinasnucleararsenalisextremelylimitedinscale,andposesnothreattointernationalpeaceandsecurity,",Chinahasactivelyparticipatedinarmscontrolconsultationsandnegotiations"undermultilateralmechanismsandframeworks"includingthoseoftheUnitedNationsandConferenceonDisarmament,saidtheambassador."Chinaopposesarmsraceandworkstosafeguardglobalstrategicbalanceandstability,"Zhangnoted."Movingforward,Chinawillcontinuetofirmlyupholdmultilateralism,andactivelyparticipateinmultilateralarmscontrolprocessestocontributetothemaintenanceofinternationalpeaceandsecurity,"sdevelopmentofintermediaterangemissiles,"anotheractofunilateralismandescapefrominternationalobligationsbytheUnitedStates.""Itisaimedatrelievingrestrictionsandseekingabsolutemilitaryadvantage,"theenvoynoted."sland-basedintermediaterangemissilesarealldeployedwithintheChineseterritory,"Zhangsaid."Itisfordefensepurposesandposesnothreattoanycountry.""otheUnitedStatestobecool-headedandexerciserestraint,""ledtothedemise"ofthetreaty,whichwillhaveafar-reachingnegativeimpactonglobalstrategicbalanceandstability,regionalsecurityinEuropeandAsia,aswellasinternationalarmscontrolregime,theambassadorsaid,urgingtheinternationalcommunitytobeclearheadedaboutthisimpact."Chinastronglyurgestherelevantcountrytotakeahighlyresponsibleattitude,exerciserestraintandearnestlypreservetheexistingarmscontrolregimeinanefforttosafeguardglobalstrategicbalanceandstability,andinternationalandregionalpeaceandsecurity,"theenvoysaid."Thisisthesharedmessagefromtheinternationalcommunity.""Multilateralismistheeffectivemeanstoaddresscommonchallenges,"Zhangsaid."AllcountriesshouldresolutelysafeguardtheinternationalorderwithinternationallawandthepurposesandprinciplesoftheUNCharteratitscore,embraceaconceptofcommon,comprehensive,cooperativeandsustainablesecurity,fullyrespectthelegitimatesecurityconcernsofallcountries,workhardforapeacefulandstableinternationalsecurityenvironmentandpromoteacommunityofasharedfutureformankind."lnegotiation,Zhangstressedthatforanysuchnegotiation,itisimperativetofullyconsidertherelevantcountriesoverallmilitarycapabilitiesandfollowtheprincipleof"undiminishedsecurityforall,"abasicprincipleofinternationalarmscontrol."Chinahasrepeatedlystateditspositiono,",withsupportfromChina,requestedthemeeting,stofaground-launchedcr,developmentandtestingofground-launchedmissileswitharangeof500to5,500kilometers.Recently,theUnitedStatesthreatenedtoimposeanew10percenttariffon$300billionworthofChineseexportstotheUnitedStates,violatingtheconsensusreachedbythetwoheadsofstateattheldcomeasnosurprise,asChinahasrepeatedlysaidthati,nsareexpectedinAugust,followedbyanother300,,“fairtreatment”ofcredibilityandreputation,a,onsinShanghaifromJuly30to31,theUSsideturnedagainstChinaandthreatenedmoretariffsandhassincetakenotheractionstoattackChina’sdevelopment,despitepraisingthetradetalksas“constructive.”SomepeopleintheUnitedStatesdonothidetheirobsessionwith“winning”atallcost’snewtariffthreatshowsthattheUnitedStatesisplayingtricksinanattempttoundermineChina’,,itspeopleisunified,,theballisinAmerica’,oritcanresumetradetalksonthebasisofequalityandmutualrespect.

  URUMQI,(Xinhua)--Bullettrainsthatcanrunat160kmperhourhavebeenputintooperationtoreplacetheolderandslowermodelsinnorthwestChina(EMU)trainisnamedFuxing,thesameasthe350km/,internaltemperaturecontrol,,,therewillbe20moresetsofFuxingtrainslinkingmultiplecitiesintheregion,accordingtoChinaRailwayUrumqiGroupCo.,Ltd."NowthatFuxingtrainshavebeenputintooperation,morepeoplecanexperiencetheconvenienceandimprovedserviceofbullettrains,"saidSongQiang,deputydirectorofthepassengertransportdepartmentofChinaRailwayUrumqiGroupCo.,,up46percentcomparedwiththesameperiodlastyear,accordingtoregionalofficials.Theprojectismadeupoftwomajorprograms,,CentralAsia,RussiaandEurope;linkingChinawiththePersianGulfandtheMediterraneanSeathroughCentralAsiaandWestAsia;andconnectingChinawithSoutheastAsia,scoasttoEuropethroughtheSouthChinaSeaandtheIndianOceaninoneroute,andfromChina,atotalof125countriesand29internationalorganizationshavesignedBRIcooperationdocumentswithChinaasofMarch27,2019,,whichare:Policycoordination,facilitiesconnectivity,unimpededtrade,,,ChinasuccessfullyheldthefirstBeltandRoadForumforInternationalCooperation,withparticipationfrommorethan100countries,andwelcomed29nationalleadersfromcountriesincludingGreece,tionlaterthismonth,whichissettobebigger,better,andhelpbringcooperationtoahigherlevel.

HahndorfislocatedinthesuburbofAdelaide,,thereareshopsfeaturedbygreatdecorationsandGermaninfluence,,themostattract,wewillbringyoutoexplorealocalrestaurantwhichperfectlyshowsthisculturalintegration,TheHaus,,itstraditionalrecipesarenotonlyverypopularintheregion,,T,wewilltrytheBavariaplatter,Schweinshaxe,StrathalbynGoldLambShank,an,theenthusiasti,NoelDuffieldbroughthisfami,mostofthenumbersofDulffieldfamilyworksinthetownofHahndorf,’sDailyOnlinewithintroductionsandcomprehensiveinformationonAustralia’stourism,food,leisureculture,ndAustralia,leadaudiencetoexperiencetheuniquelandscapeandculturalglamourofAustraliawithmicro-video.(People’sDailyOnline/LuyiZhong)

  TheSpringFestivaltravelrush,knownasChunyun(春运)inChinese,,thisyearfromthe21stJanuarytothe1stofMarch,whenpeoplefromallcornersofChinatrave,anexpectedthreebillionjourneyswillbemadeovertheSpringFestivaltravelrushwindow,andauthoritieshaverolledoutanumberofmeasure,atleasttennewrailwaylinesopenedlastyearandmoreFuxingbullettrains,thecountry’smostadvancedhigh-speedtrain,havebeendeployedonthenation’srailways,,authoritieshave,DirectoroftheCommunicationDepartmentatBeijingnanRailwayStation,explained,“Thisyear,passengershaveaccesstofastersecuritychecks,fastercheck-in,,weupgraded80oftheautomaticticketmachinesinourstationbeforethetravelrush,whicharetwiceasfastastheoldergenerations.”“We’vealsoappliedareal-namefacescancheck-insystemfortheBeijing–,”,60percentofthet,IheaddowntoBeijingnanRailwayStationtohopona16-carFuxingtrain,withapassengercapacityof1,193peopleandamaximumspeedof350km/,Chat,’maforeigner,Ihavetogototheticketcountertocollectmytickets,butasmostChinesepassengersusethenewticketmachines,there’snoqueue,andIhandovermyreservationnumberandpassport,othrongsofpeoplequeuing,suitcasesandchildrenpassingthetimeplayinggames,assoonasImovethroughthegate,theplatformiscalm,anditseasytoboard,,IbumpintoGuanMian,abullettrainconductorforChinaRailwayBeijingGroupCo.,Ltd.,whoexplained,“ManypassengersspecifperiencetheFuxingjourneywiththeirfamilybeforegettinghomeforSpringFestivalcelebrations.”Onboard,“Zhangshanggaotie”apphassofarcovered274Fuxingbullettrains,providingfreeWiFitoabout500,0,the“Zhangshanggaotie”apphasanothersixfeaturesincludingacar-hailingserviceandastationmapservice,givingpassengerstsevidentthatrecentupgradinghasmademyjourneymoreconvenientfromstarttofinish,andit’shopedthatthesechangeswillmakethewhole40daysrunsmootherforeveryoneracingtospendSpringFestivalathome.","saidGuan.

  GWANGJU,SouthKorea,July24--ChinastripleOlympicchampionand11-timeworldchampionSunYangendedhisindividualjourneyatthe18thFINAWorldChampionshipswithtwogoldmedalsfromthemens800mfreestylefinalwithatimeof7:,wrappingupallofhisthreeindividualeventsattheChampionshipsintheSouthKoreancityofGwangjuonWednesday."Theresultisprettygood,,",Sunroaredtoarecordfourthstraightworldtitleinthemens(200m,400mand800m)excepttheChineseswimmingstar."Justafter200meters[duringthe800mfinal],Ifeltmylegmusclesgetsore,butIpersisteduntiltheend,"saidSun.",becauseaftersomanymatches,whatisthemostimportantfortodayistoexerciseandimprovemyself,"sTokyoOlympicGames,Sunsaidhehastodealwiththedifficultyoffiguringouthowtocompletemultiplematch,SunconsoledaUkrainianswimmernexttohiminthepoolashelookedextremelydisappointedathisresult."It,"Sunadded.Regardinginfrastructureconnectivity,,theInitiativeonPromotingUnimpededTradeCooperationalongtheBeltandRoadhasbeenimplemented,,tradebetwee,,an,Chinahassignedculturalcooperationagreementswithmorethan60BeltandRoalishedlastyear,whichwillhelpChinabuildtechnologytransferplatformswithASEAN,SouthAsia,CentralAsia,ArabiancountriesandcentralandEasternEurope,andfaci"BeltandRoadCooperation,ShapingaBrighterSharedFuture,"thesecondBeltandRoadForumaimstobringabouthigh-qualityBeltandRoadcooperation.

  Furthermore,theTasteofCzechInnovationExpoopenedduringtheevent,allowingvisitorstolearnaboutCzechdesigners,inventorsandproductsthatmaysoonb,HeadofthePoliticalSectionandDeputyHeadofMissionattheCzechEmbassy,KláraJurovásaid,“TheBeltandRoadInitiativeisverymuchwelcomedfromtheCzechRepublic’,wewerethefirstofallEUcountriestoestablishthisCzech-Chinacooperation,”adding,“,theCzechRepublicisasmallcountry,so[theseprojects]won’tbetypicalinfrastructureprojectsbutwedohaveprojectsinmanyareassuchasaviation,healthcare,financeandtourism.”JurováwentontosaythatthecommunicationbetweenChinaandtheCzechRepublicisevergrowing,andthattheCzechEmbassynowattendstheChinaEducationExpoeveryyeartowelcomemoreChineseexchangestudentstotheCzechRe’shopedthatduringtheseevents,thetwoculturescanshareideas,learnfromoneanotheranddevelopinavarietyofdifferentindustries.

    AthletesofBeijingdelegationmarchonthestageduringtheclosingceremonyofthe2ndYouthGamesofthePeoplesRepublicofChinainTaiyuan,northChina,2019.(Xinhua/CaoYang)TAIYUAN,China,(Xinhua)--ThesecondChinaYouth,000athletesfrom34delegationsacrossthecountrycompetedin1,868eventsin49sportsatChinasfirst"GenZGames,"asa,previouslyknownasChinaCityGames,isadomesticversionoftheOlympicYouthGames,,theathletesagednineto19,notonlydemonstratedhigh-qualomisingstarsemergedinswimming,basketball,,freshfrompocketingabronzeinwomens400mfreestyleattheGwangjuworlds,,regardedbymanyChinesefansasapotentialsuccessortoNBAHallofFamerYaoMing,wonplauditsforhisperformancesalthoughhisteamZhejiangChouzhouhadtosettleforasilverintheUnder-16mensGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegionin2023.[ImagenilustradaporJiyufei]PorquélalibertaddelacerezaequivaleatenersolvenciaeconómicaElverdaderoenfoqueestácentrandoenelcambiodelentornoeconómicoysocial,yenelconceptodeconsumoquehaydetráíadeloschinos,,lascerezas,quetienenunpreciorelativamentealto,nopuedenserlafrutadediariaeleccióén“lasolvenciaeconómicadelascerezas¨óvenesquevivenytrabajanenlasciudadessoncapacesdecomprarlascerezas,perotienenotrasdemandasvitalesmásimportantescomoelpagodeunahipotecaoalquilerdeunacasa,etc.éstaeslarazónporlaque“lasolvenciaeconómicadelascerezas”óntambiénreflejalapreocupaciónqueaúnmantienenlosresidentes,apesardelaumentodesucapacidaddeconsumo.

  Kangximasaysitsimportanttoteachtraditionalcultureatherschool.[PhotobyTanjaHerko]",,allthecoursesandequipmentarefreetostudents,aslongastheyhaveaninterest,theyarewelcomed,"saidUrentuyaa,theschoolsü,alongwithhisclassmates,hasperformedüligerinmanybigcities,includingBeijing,aswellasintroducingthearttothepublic."Iamnowcarryingtheresponsibilitytopreserveüliger,,",,mostcoursesaretaughtinMongolianatMongolianschools,butstudentsarerequiredtostudybothMandarinandEnglishinsecondandthirdgraderespectively.

  百度ChineseIcePearlteamcompetedintheISUWorldSynchronizedSkatingChampionshipsforthefirsttime.(Photo:YangMu/PeoplesDailyOnline)HuangFeng,acompetitionconsultantattheChineseFigureSkatingAssociation,managedIcePearlthelpcrackingasmilewhentheyapplaudedChineseskatersagilemovementsandfootworkovertheice."Imalsoimpressedatthewaytheeventismanagedandoperated-itsverywellorganized,"Huangadded."InwelcomingtheBeijing2022WinterOlympics,theresnowatrendinthecrossoverofdifferentsportsinChina,dlovetousethiscrossoveropportunitytoinspiremoreathletestojoinfigureskating,"hesaid."WintersportneedstoexpandandthusneedsChina,"saidMikkoSaarinenfromtheWinterKnow-HowprojectofLahtiRegion,"ItsgreattoseeChinaputtingmoreeffortsinit."ConcurredPetriTulensalo,theheadofSportsClusterofBusinessFinland,whichisthemostimportantpublicfundingagencyinFinland."Chinaisthebiggestmarketintheworld,presentingahugeopportunityforFinlandswintersportsindustry,"henoted."Itsahugeindustry,notjustabouttheproducts,butalsocultureandtourism,"Tulensaloadded,hopingthatstrongertiesandcooperationbetweenChinaandFinlandonwintersportscanalsoboostthetwocountriesucationovereverythingelse."Mostimportantly,educationmatters,"Saarinensaid,"weneedtoworkonhowwecangetchildreninthesnow,interestedinplayinginthesnowandmaybebecomeaprofessionalathleteoneday."

  BEIJING,July24--ChinahasprovidedsatellitedatatoassistIndiawithitsrecentfloodreliefefforts,theChinaNationalSpaceAdministration(CNSA)ay,followingtheIndianSpaceResearchOrganizations(ISRO)requestforinternationaldisasterreliefsupportlastWednesdaynight,undertheInternationalCharteronSpaceandMajorDisasters,(CRESDA)scheduledthreeChineseearthobservationsatellites,namelyGaofen-1,Gaofen-2andGaofen-3,tocaptureimagesofflood-strickenregionsinIndialastFriday,lastSaturdayandonWednesday,ost-disastersatelliteimagestotheISRO,providingsupportinfloodmonitoring,,designedtoaidemergencyandreliefefforts,,thedeathtollinIndia,asnearly115,000peoplewholostalltheirbelongingsinthefloodshavebeenrehabilitatedinreliefcamps.AccordingtotheIndianfilmstar,joiningtheconferencehasenabledhimtosharehisopinionswithculturalprofessionalsfromotherAsiancountries,whichwill,whichearnedacombinedtotalofmorethan2billionyuan($288million)aftertheydebutedintheChinesemainlandin2017andJanuary2018,Khanhasbeenha,whileitwasevens,theaveragebo,sincethesuccessofDangalin2017,themajorityofIndianfilmshavebeenabletomakemorethan50millionyuan,ustry,KhanpraisedtheChinesepublicfortheiropenattitudestowardsforeigncultureandmovies.“InIndia,noteveryonewatchesfilmsfromothernations,,’sareasonwhyIwanttotakeChinesefilmsbacktoIndia,sothatourpeoplecanunderstandChinesecultureandChinesepeople,”,KhansuggestedthatculturalcooperationbetweenChinaandIndiashouldnotbelimitedtospecificfields,butinamorecomprehensiveway.“ThefirstChinesebookIreadwasTheDeerandTheCauldron-it’,,notjustfilms,”saidKhan.

  百度 百度 百度

  李白传世唯一手迹《上阳台帖》现身 这件国宝如何入藏故宫?

 
责编:

李白传世唯一手迹《上阳台帖》现身 这件国宝如何入藏故宫?

百度 XiJinpingdeliveredanimportantreporttothe19thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChinaonOctober18,“newera.”SocialismwithChinesecharacteristicshascrossedthethresholdintoanewera,ength,defensecapabilities,hofreformandopeningupsome40yearsago,an,thePeople’sRepublicofChinahasstoodup,grownrich,,thePartyaimstosolvethecontradictionbetweenunbalancedandinadequatedevelopmentandthepeople’sever-growingneedsforabette,thePartywillbuildonthefoundationcreatedbythemoderatelyprosperoussocietywithaf,thePartywillworkhardforafurther15yearsanddevelopChinaintoagreatmodernsocialistcountrythatisprosperous,strong,democratic,culturallyadvanced,harmonious,’,“Nocountrycanaloneaddressthechallengesfacingtheworldtoday.”Tobuildanewtypeofinternationalrelationswithwin-wincooperationatthecore,XisaidthatChinawillholdhighthebannerofpeace,development,andwin-wincooperation,maintainworldpeaceandpromotecommondevelopment,anddevelopfriendlycooperationwit,andintheprocess,,Chinasfutureistheworldsfuture.

郭馨雨

2019-09-1610:23  来源:慈善公益报
 

  最近,网上两名男子在故宫吸烟,还将视频放在网上炫耀,此事引起了公众的极大愤慨。烟草除对人体健康有极大危害之外,吸烟行为还会造成消防隐患,我国很多大型火灾都是因为吸烟之后没处理好烟头而引发,所以,特定场所禁止吸烟不仅关系到健康,更关系到公共场所每个人的安全问题。

  据《慈善公益报》记者了解,烟草烟雾中有多种已知的致癌物,几乎会对人体的各个脏器造成损害,吸烟是心血管疾病、癌症、慢性呼吸系统疾病以及糖尿病等非传染性疾病致病的主要危险因素。控制烟草危害、减少疾病是全球共识,而且是针对单一危险因素进行预防控制的最有效措施。近年来,我国加大了对党政机关、医疗卫生机构、学校等公共场所的控烟工作力度,目前公众对烟草危害的认识大幅提高。

  《“健康中国2030”规划纲要》中提出,到2030年15岁以上人群吸烟率要降低到20%的目标。而根据今年刚发布的《2018年中国成人烟草调查》结果显示,现在的数据是26.6%,离指标的任务还是有较大差距的,我国该采取什么措施来保证目标实现呢?

  对于上述问题,7月22日,国家卫生健康委规划司司长毛群安表示:“我们必须采取多种措施,减少未吸烟的人尝试烟草,所以国家卫健委会同教育、妇联、共青团等部门制定行动方案,减少中小学生接触到烟草的可能。只有真正减少了新烟民的产生,才可能使吸烟人数比例下降。因为一旦养成吸烟习惯,要戒断确实比较困难。”

  另外,要严格遵守室内公共场所、公共交通工具等场所禁烟,通过环境的营造,把吸烟率降下来。近年来,由于媒体的广泛宣传,使公众了解到了烟草的危害,也曝光了一些行业、场所在控烟工作方面做得不到位的地方,给吸烟人群增加了心理压力才取得了今天的控烟效果。

  据北京市今年在无烟日时公布的信息,自北京实施了室内场所控烟后,减少了几十万烟民,因为在公共场所禁烟,戒烟的人数明显比过去增加,这就是通过立法、通过执法取得的良好效果。

  值得关注的是,自从央视3·15晚会曝光了电子烟的问题后,社会一直持续关注电子烟的问题。电子烟的兴起,不仅在我国,在很多国家已成流行趋势。就目前的研究发现,电子烟产生的气溶胶含有许多有毒有害物质,各种添加剂成分也存在着健康风险。此外,许多电子烟产品所含的尼古丁浓度标识模糊,容易导致使用者吸食过量,同时电子烟的器具还存在着电池爆炸、烟液渗透、高温烫伤等安全风险。

  根据国家卫健委疾控中心的调查显示,目前我国电子烟的使用率虽处在较低水平,但是与2015年相比,在接受调查的人群中,听说过电子烟的比例、曾经使用过电子烟的比例和正在使用电子烟的比例都有所提高,而且重点是使用者都是年轻人。

  要实现吸烟率的下降,一定要阻止青少年尝试烟草,但电子烟恰恰容易以时尚的方式诱导青少年先接触电子烟,之后可能就会接触传统烟草。鉴于电子烟具有不安全性,对青少年健康行为习惯的形成会存在影响,因此必须严格加强电子烟的监管。目前国家卫生健康委正在会同有关部门开展电子烟监管的研究,计划通过立法对电子烟进行监管。

  今年的5月31日世界无烟日的主题宣传中,拒绝电子烟是宣传主题,目的就是希望公众、家长、青少年要提高对电子烟危害的意识,特别是家长、学校要监督,减少青少年接触电子烟的可能。只有这样,才可能实现保护人群的比例越来越大。

(责编:初梓瑞、王静)

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